A literature review is an account of what has been published
on a topic by accelerated scholars and researchers. As this study is a report
on field level monitoring and observation of Social Safety Net Programs and
Humanitarian Assistance of the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief, so I
have gone through related literatures which gives more knowledge and
understanding on this topic.
The Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief has
operationalized social safety net programs through Operation Manual for Social
Safety Net Programme 2016 and humanitarian assistance through the Humanitarian
Assistance Programme Implementation Guideline 2012-13.
Operation Manual for Social Safety Net Programme 2016 has
been published under the Strengthening of the the Ministry of Disaster
Management and Relief Programs Administration (SMoDMRPA) project. It compiles
the three SSNP guidelines- EGPP Guidelines, FFW Guidelines and TR Guidelines.
This manual is used as implementation instruction for SSNP and the above three
programs’ steps and direction for planning, implementation, supervision and
monitoring. Operation Manual for Social Safety Net Programme 2016 discusses
organizational & management structure of SSNP, implementation and
supervision of projects, financial management and reporting, project monitoring
and reporting and additional guidelines.
Humanitarian Assistance Programme Implementation Guideline
2012-13 discusses the types of humanitarian assistance, implementation area for
humanitarian assistance, and responsible committees, who are included and
eligible for getting humanitarian assistance, purpose and objectives of various
types of humanitarian assistance, timeframe and amount of assistance, strategy
and organizational framework for implementation of humanitarian assistance,
preparation of list of beneficiaries and considerations for allotment,
accounting and auditing, maintenance, monitoring and evaluation, the role of District
Commissioner and Division heads and so on.